World War II Vocab

 

Note: Words in blue are not tested for students with individual education plans.

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D-Day – the day (June 6, 1944) in World War II on which Allied forces invaded northern France by means of beach landings in Normandy.

draft – mandatory recruitment for military service.

fascism – a political philosophy, movement, or government that places the nation above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a militaristic dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition.

GI Bill of Rights – A law passed in 1944 that provided educational and other benefits for people who had served in the armed forces in World War II. Benefits are still available to persons honorably discharged from the armed forces.

internment – the state of being confined as a prisoner, especially for political or military reasons.

kamikaze – a Japanese aircraft loaded with explosives and making a deliberate suicidal crash on an enemy target (during WWII).

Lend-Lease Act – the materiel and services supplied by the U.S. to its allies during World War II under an act of Congress passed in 1941: such aid was to be repaid in kind after the war.

logistics – the detailed coordination of a complex operation involving many people, facilities, or supplies; the organization of keeping troops supplied with necessities before, during, and after battle.

Manhattan Project – The code name for the effort to develop atomic bombs for the United States during World War II. The first controlled nuclear reaction took place in Chicago in 1942, and by July 16, 1945, the first atomic bomb was exploded at Alamogordo, New Mexico.

militarism – the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain strong armed forces capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.

pacifism – opposition to war or violence as a means of settling disputes; specifically : refusal to bear arms on moral or religious grounds

rationing – a fixed allowance of provisions or food, especially for soldiers or sailors or for civilians during a shortage or war.

strategy – the art of planning and directing overall military operations and movements in a war or battle.

tactics – the practical methodology of achieving a limited military objective.

totalitarianism – the political concept that the citizen should be completely subject to an absolute state authority; a governmental system where all aspects of social life are determined by the state.

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