Reconstruction and Immigration Vocab

Note: Words in blue are not tested for students with individual education plans.

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AssimilationThe process by which a person or persons acquire the social, cultural, and psychological characteristics of a group.

Black Codes – Laws passed in the South designed to deny ex-slaves legal rights and protections.

carpetbaggera political candidate who seeks election in an area where they have no local connections. a person from the northern states who went to the South after the Civil War to profit from the Reconstruction.

due processfair treatment through the normal judicial system, especially as a citizen’s entitlement.

emigrateleave one’s own country in order to settle permanently in another.

Freedmen’s Bureau – A federal program designed to aid ex-slaves in the South in the period after the Civil War.

ghetto – a part of a city, especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups.

immigratecome to live permanently in a foreign country.

lobby – to attempt to influence or sway (as a public official) toward a desired action.

lynch – to kill someone, especially by hanging for an alleged offense without a legal trial. Usually carried out by a mob.

scallywaga white Southerner who collaborated with northern Republicans during Reconstruction, often for personal profit. The term was used derisively by white Southern Democrats who opposed Reconstruction legislation.

segregation –  the enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community, or establishment.

sharecropper – a tenant farmer who give a part of each crop as rent. Generally a very poor farmer.

suburbanThe smaller, less dense settlement areas around big cities.

urbanHaving to do with the densely populated big city.

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