Expansion and the Antebellum United States Vocab

Note: Words in blue are not tested for students with individual education plans.

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annex – to take over; to make part of one’s own land.

antebellum – occurring or existing before a particular war, especially the American Civil War.

destiny – an unavoidable course of events; an outcome that will occur no matter what.

economics – the study of production and business; the study of how money and value function and are distributed.

encroachintrude on (a person’s territory or a thing considered to be a right).

expansionism – the policy of supporting the growth of the geographical boundaries of the US.

frontierthe extreme limit of settled land beyond which lies wilderness, especially referring to the western US before Pacific settlement.

homestead a piece of land gained from United States public lands by living on and farming it; the act of gaining title to public land by living on and farming it.

manifest – readily perceived by the senses and especially by the sight; easily understood or recognized by the mind.

marketan area or arena in which commercial dealings are conducted.

spoils systemwhen a political leader rewards his supporters with jobs and benefits after winning an election.

subsistence farming – producing food or goods for one’s own consumption; usually related to farmers who live entirely off their own labor and produce.

suffragethe right to vote in political elections.

textile – cloth, fabric, especially woven or knit.

trans-Mississippi – a common name of the geographic area west of the Mississippi River during the 19th century.

wage labor the socioeconomic relationship between a worker and an employer, where the worker sells their work under a formal or informal employment contract, usually on an hourly basis.

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